There are many misconceptions when it comes to the HCG diet, and one of the most misleading is what HCG is made of. To understand better why it is misunderstood, it is worth looking at what it actually is.
HCG stands for Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin. It is a naturally occurring hormone that is made in early pregnancy by the fetus, and later by the placenta. Its purpose during pregnancy is to maintain other hormones-progesterone in particular, as well as regulating others and increasing your metabolic rate. It is excreted in the urine of pregnant women, and it is this that is detected in a pregnancy test and that shows that the woman is indeed pregnant.
For people who need to lose weight it is the metabolic effects that are desirable. The hormone acts upon the hypothalamus-a part of the brain that helps to regulate central nervous system functions, but also the autonomic (or involuntary) nervous system which regulates functions such as the metabolism. In this case, it increases the metabolism, causing the body to burn more fat, in order to release the calories within.
So what is HCG made of? It is a hormone that is produced naturally in the human body. It is available from two main sources-one is to harvest it from the urine of pregnant women, purify it and use it as needed. This though is not the case for most medically prescribed HCG. Instead, it is made in a laboratory, in sterile conditions.
The sterile conditions are maintained throughout production in order to ensure that when injected, the hormone will not cause adverse effects such as infections. There can be no bacteria or viruses within, nor any other contaminants that could make a person sick or cause other side effects.
The injection that the person receives on a daily basis consists of the hormone itself, which is a glycoprotein (a compound made of a glycan molecule and a protein). This normally comes in a powdered form which must be reconstituted with a solvent to the correct dosage.
Alternatively your HCG may come ready diluted, and pre-measured in a syringe. All that the nurse, (or you yourself if you are self administering) needs to do it fix the hypodermic needle to the syringe, and administer the dose.
Your injection may or may not also contain a daily dose of vitamin B12, which in and of itself can help to regulate the digestion. The hormone HCG and vitamin B12 do not react with each other, instead complimenting each other by having similar functions, but by working in different ways.
In all, your HCG injections is likely to be made of at least the HCG hormone in a solvent carrier that is used in order to make it injectable, and perhaps vitamin B12 as well. With only the purest of ingredients, all of which are prepared in sterile laboratory conditions, you can be sure that the HCG injection that you receive is as clean and pure as is possible.